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Also known as The Great Los Angeles Air Raid, as referred to by contemporary sources, this rumored enemy attack was thought to be an unidentified flying object, or objects, that began an unprecedented anti-aircraft artillery barrage that took place from the late night hours 24 February to the early morning hours of 25 February 1942 over the skies of Los Angeles, California. The incident occurred less than three months after the United States entered World War II as a result of American paranoia over the Japanese Imperial Navy's attack on Pearl Harbor, one day after the Bombardment of Ellwood on 23 February 1942 (a naval attack by a Japanese submarine against U.S. coastal targets near Santa Barbara, California). Initially, the target of the aerial barrage was thought to been by an unknown force attacking from Japan, but speaking at a press conference shortly afterward, Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox called the incident a ‘false alarm.’ Newspapers of the time published a number of sensational reports and speculations of a government cover-up. Today a small number of modern-day UFOlogists have suggested the targets were actually extraterrestrial spacecraft. When the incident was documented in 1983, the U.S. Office of Air Force History attributed the event to a serious case of ‘war nerves’ most likely triggered by a lost weather balloon reflecting off aerial search lights and exacerbated by series of stray military flares and shell bursts from adjoining batteries. Only a few years before the Kenneth Arnold news story broke (the man known for his historic sighting of an unknown flying objects in June 1947, when the term ‘flying saucers’ was coined by a news reporter in 1947 covering his story), another war-time phenomena began to mystify military researchers, one which affected many WW II battles for air supremacy over Europe, by both American and German pilots alike, known as "foo-fighters." These strange flying blobs of light became a much feared element of American, German, and British pilots, as they would appear out of nowhere, without warning, that would further complicate an already difficult situation in the air. Some U.S. pilots even attempted to ram the ‘foo fighters,’ in what later turned out to be vain maneuver, as the ‘foo fighters’ would fly right through them, almost as if they were nothing more than a simple mirage. Several theories were offered by military intelligence as to what these small, strange, flying objects were. Ironically, all of the pilots felt that the ‘foo fighters’ were a secret product of the other side. Possibly even a type of radar reflection device or some other secret weapon with the ability to take out an enemy plane. Even with the evidence collected, which was very little at best, there’s not one documented case of any plane being damaged by one of them, although some pilots reportedly scrapped their mission because of them. The foo fighter term itself is an enigma, being attributed to several different sources, but most probably initiated with a comic strip called ‘Smokey Stover,’ who was a fire fighter, and often said, ‘Where there's foo there's fire.’ Foo, beeing a French word for fire, or ‘feuer,’ the German word for the same. It is interesting to note that researchers believed the phenomenon to be a type of electrical discharge often seen to occur coming from the airplanes' wings known as ‘St. Elmo's Fire.’ Although it has been suggested as an explanation, several pilots don’t agree, because of those who witnessed the experience of these ‘foo fighters’ passing through the fuselage, don’t believe the explanation as plausible. in 1947 there were literally thousands of similar reports like these, that have been languishing in the archive files of various UFO organizations, individual authorities, and in 1947 newspaper archives s around the United States, and certainly around the world. In an investigative report in 1967 Ted Bloecher began his report entitled ‘Report on the UFO Wave of 1947,’ which recorded over 850 incidents alone, mostly through June and July, 1947. In compiling the report, Bloecher used only 142 North American newspapers, or fewer than two percent of all the newspapers published in the United States 1947.  Another study (Project 1947) by reporter Loren Gross, of more than the one hundred 1947 California newspapers found, there were 142 new reports submitted regarding UFOs (UFOs: A History–1947 published in 1988). A pilot study for Project 1947 used several hundred newspapers, mostly from the eastern United States, with many more in the Gross study that were new and uncovered. Project 1947, a two-and-a-half-year research effort, was conceived to build upon these prior efforts and expand our knowledge of the beginning of the modern UFO era. With contributions from researchers all over the world, the number of 1947 newspapers screened to date is well over 3800, and the number of UFO incidents exceeds 2700. Extensive press coverage from Kenneth Arnold's sighting on June 24 until the official explanation of the Roswell incident on July 10 characterizes the phenomenon as a ‘wave.’ It is important to note that for nearly all of the them, the official stance by the US government was that ‘it was a weather balloon.’ The press seemed satisfied to accept this ‘balloon explanation’ not only for Roswell, but all UFO reports. Yet allowed numerous stories from pranksters and hoaxers to tarnish the phenomenon to the point that nearly any and all sightings would further be discrediting their authenticity of any UFOs, nearly all stories–but a select few–disappeared from the pages of American newspapers, with the exception of those known as ‘rags’ or ‘yellow newspapers’ until recently.